1.草率前提 (Dicto Simpliciter)
例如：Women are on average not as strong as men and less able to perform well politically. Therefore, women can't pull their weight in government work.
2.过度概化 (Hasty Generalization)
例如：McDonald's and KFC offer foods with little nutrition, and thus we cannot expect any fast food restaurant to provide us with nutritious foods.
3.因果颠倒 (Post Hoc)
例如：Most young criminals watch violent movies before they commit their crimes; obviously, violent movies lead to juvenile delinquency.
4.矛盾前提 (Contradictory Premises)
例如：If God can do everything, can he make a stone so heavy that he can't carry?
5.感性论证 (Ad Misericordiam)
例如：Think of all the poor, starving African children! How could rich countries be so cruel as not to help them?
6.错误类比 (False Analogy)
例如：Young children are like flowers---flowers should stay away from terrible weather to grow, so children need to get rid of everything negative.
7.虚假假设 (Hypothesis Contrary to Fact)
例如：If TV were not invented, today people would never have such wonderful entertainment brought by TV.
8.无关转移 (Red Herring)
例如：Many people say we need to exploit the outer space, a point which I believe is wrong, because there are so many poor people on Earth who hardly make ends meet.
例如：Everyone says it is justified to learn a second language so we must learn one.
10.滑坡谬误 (Slippery slope)
例如：If we don't care about the environment, the world will die in 50 years.